AskDefine | Define purge

Dictionary Definition

purge

Noun

1 the act of clearing yourself (or another) from some stigma or charge [syn: purging, purgation]
2 an act of removing by cleansing; ridding of sediment or other undesired elements [syn: purging]

Verb

1 oust politically; "Deng Xiao Ping was purged several times throughout his lifetime" [ant: rehabilitate]
2 clear of a charge
3 make pure or free from sin or guilt; "he left the monastery purified" [syn: purify, sanctify]
4 rid of impurities; "purge the water"; "purge your mind"
5 rinse, clean, or empty with a liquid; "flush the wound with antibiotics"; "purge the old gas tank" [syn: flush, scour]
6 eject the contents of the stomach through the mouth; "After drinking too much, the students vomited"; "He purged continuously"; "The patient regurgitated the food we gave him last night" [syn: vomit, vomit up, cast, sick, cat, be sick, disgorge, regorge, retch, puke, barf, spew, spue, chuck, upchuck, honk, regurgitate, throw up] [ant: keep down]
7 excrete or evacuate (someone's bowels or body); "The doctor decided that the patient must be purged"

User Contributed Dictionary

English

Etymology

French purger, Latin purgare, from purus, "clean", "pure".

Pronunciation

Noun

  1. the act of purging
  2. evacuation of the bowels or of pipes
  3. forcible removal of undesirable people from political activity, etc.

Related terms

Translations

the act of purging
evacuation of the bowels or of pipes
forcible removal of undesirable people from political activity, etc.
  • Czech: čistka

Verb

  1. to clean thoroughly; to cleanse; to rid of impurities
  2. (religion) to free from sin, guilt, or the burden or responsibility of misdeeds
  3. (medicine) to void the bowel
  4. (law) to clear of a charge, suspicion, or imputation

Translations

to clean thoroughly; to cleanse; to rid of impurities
  • Finnish: puhdistaa
  • German: säubern
  • Italian: purgare
  • Portuguese: purgar
to free from sin, guilt, or the burden or responsibility of misdeeds
  • Italian: purgare
  • Portuguese: purgar
to void the bowel
to clear of a charge, suspicion, or imputation
  • Italian: purgare
  • Portuguese: purgar

Extensive Definition

In history and political science, to purge is to remove people considered by the group in power to be "undesirable" from a government, political party, a profession, or from community or society as a whole, often by violent means. Restoration of people from a purge is known as rehabilitation.

Historical use of the term

The earliest use of the term itself was the English Civil War's Pride's Purge. In 1648, the moderate members of the English Long Parliament were purged by the army. Parliament would suffer subsequent purges under the Commonwealth including the purge of the entire House of Lords. Counter-revolutionaries such as royalists were purged as well as more radical revolutionaries such as the Levellers. After the Restoration, obstinate republicans were purged while some fled to New England.
The term "purge" is often associated with the Stalinist and Maoist regimes. Those who were purged (among them artists, scientists, teachers, people in the military, but also many long-time communists who dared to disagree with the party leadership) were sent to labor camps or executed. The most notorious of CPSU purges was the Great Purge initiated by Joseph Stalin during the 1930s. Deng Xiaoping was known for the distinction of returning to power multiple times after surviving multiple purges.
After France's liberation by the Allies in 1944, purges were processed by the Free French and mostly the French Resistance against former collaborationnists, the so called vichystes. The legal term was known as épuration légale ("legal purge"). Similar processes in other countries and on other occasions were denazification and decommunization.

Purge in fiction

purge in Czech: Čistka
purge in German: Säuberung
purge in Spanish: Purga (política)
purge in French: Épuration (politique)
purge in Japanese: 公職追放
purge in Polish: Czystka
purge in Portuguese: Expurgo
purge in Slovenian: Čistka

Synonyms, Antonyms and Related Words

BM, abolishment, abolition, absolve, abstergent, abstersion, abstract, account for, acquit, amnesty, annihilate, annihilation, annulment, aperient, assassinate, assassination, bandage, bathe, bereave of life, bleach, bloody flux, bloody murder, blow, blow out, bowdlerization, bowdlerize, bowel movement, break, bumping-off, bust, care for, carminative, carry away, carry off, cashier, cashiering, cast off, cast out, catharsis, cathartic, chloroform, choking, choking off, chuck, clean, clean out, clean up, cleaner, cleaning, cleaning agent, cleaning solvent, cleanse, cleanse away, cleanser, cleansing, cleansing cream, clear, clear away, clear off, clear out, clear the decks, clearance, cold cream, crap, cream, cry sour grapes, cure, cut down, cut off, cut out, debar, deconsecrate, deconsecration, decontaminate, defecate, defecation, defenestration, defrock, defrocking, dejection, deliver, deliverance, delouse, dentifrice, deplete, deport, deportation, deposal, depose, deposition, deprivation, deprive of life, depurant, depurate, deracinate, deracination, destigmatize, destroy, detachment, deterge, detergent, detersion, dethrone, dethronement, diagnose, diarrhea, disbar, disbarment, disbarring, discard, discharge, discrown, discrownment, disenthrone, disenthronement, disjunction, dismiss, dismissal, dispatch, dispel, dispense from, displace, displacement, disposal, dispose of, disposition, diuretic, do away with, do for, do justice to, do to death, doctor, drain, drum out, dry cleaning, dry-clean, dust, dust off, dysentery, eject, ejection, elide, eliminate, elimination, emetic, emotional release, empty, empty out, end, enema, eradicate, eradication, erase, evacuate, evacuation, exclude, excommunicate, excommunication, exculpate, excuse, execute, exempt, exempt from, exhaust, exile, exonerate, expatriate, expatriation, expel, explain, expulsion, expunge, expurgate, expurgation, exterminate, extermination, extinction, extinguishment, extirpate, extirpation, finish, finish off, firing, fling off, flux, forced resignation, forgive, foul play, free, free from, freeing, freshen, get quit of, get rid of, get shut of, give absolution, give care to, give release, give respite, give the gate, grant amnesty to, grant immunity, grant remission, heal, holystone, homicide, immolate, impeachment, intermission, intermit, justify, kick upstairs, kicking upstairs, kill, killing, launch into eternity, laxative, let go, let off, lientery, liquidate, liquidation, loose bowels, lotion, lustrate, lustration, lynch, make away with, manslaughter, martyr, martyrize, massage, minister to, mouthwash, movement, murder, nauseant, negation, nonpros, nullification, nurse, operate on, ostracism, oust, ouster, ousting, outlaw, outlawing, outlawry, overthrow, overthrowal, pardon, pension, pension off, pensioning off, physic, pick out, plaster, poison, poultice, pumice stone, purgation, purgative, purge away, purging, purification, purifier, purify, put away, put down, put to death, put to sleep, quash the charge, rationalize, read out of, reform, rehabilitate, reinstate, release, remedy, remit, removal, remove, remove from life, remove from office, reprieve, respite, restore, retire, retirement, rid, riddance, rinse, root out, root up, rooting out, rout out, rub, runs, sacrifice, scavenge, scour out, set free, severance, shake off, shampoo, shit, shits, shoo, shrive, shut out, silencing, slaughter, slay, snuffing out, soap, solvent, splint, spruce, starve, steam cleaning, steam-clean, stifling, stool, strangulation, strap, strike off, strike out, strip of office, strip of rank, suffocation, superannuate, superannuation, suppression, surcease, suspend, suspension, sweep away, sweep out, sweeten, synthetic detergent, take life, take off, throw off, throw over, throw overboard, thuggee, thuggery, thuggism, tidy, tolerate, tooth powder, toothpaste, treat, trots, turistas, unchurch, unchurching, unclog, undeceive, unfoul, unfrock, unfrocking, unsaddle, unseat, unseating, unthrone, uproot, uprooting, vent, vindicate, void, voidance, voiding, warrant, wash, wash out, weed out, whiten, whitewash, wipe, wipe off, wipe out, wipe up, withdraw the charge, withdrawal
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